In brief

Nowhere in the Himalayas is the natural heritage more rich & varied than in Bhutan. In historical records, Bhutan was called the ‘Valley of Medicinal Herbs’, a name that still applies to this day. About 72.5 per cent of the country’s area is under forest cover.

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The Geographical Background

Situated along the southern slopes of the great Himalayan range between 26º5’ & 28º5’ North latitude & 88º & 92º East longitude, the kingdom of Bhutan, with an area of 18,000 square miles & a population of about 1.2 million, lies like a picturesque fairyl& between China to the north & India to the south, east & west.

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Flora

An astonishing array of plants grow in Bhutan: over 5400 species, including 300 species of medicinal plants & over 50 species of rhododendrons. Of the more than 600 species of orchid, most are commonly found up to 2,100m, although some hardy species thrive even above 3,700m.

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Fauna

Because of its unique setting & relatively un-exploited environment, Bhutan probably possesses the greatest biological diversity of any country of its size in Asia. It certainly contains some of the best remaining representatives of habitat types found in the Himalayas.

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Flowers of Bhutan

Western & Central Bhutan are the best areas to see this region’s incredibly rich variety of alpine flora.

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White-bellied Heron in Bhutan

Bhutan is a home to one of the most endangered bird species in the world, the White-bellied Heron (Ardea insignis) according to the Royal Society for the Protection of Nature ( RSPN-Bhutan ).

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